A dissertation is a milestone for the Master’s and PhD students to pass their degree program. The composition of dissertation structure UK somewhat varies from the other institutions. Students need to follow the structure or template as per their university requirements. Nevertheless, one of the most common queries among students is regarding the dissertation structure plan. You are in the right place to learn about the dissertation structure UK. So read on as we also have a dissertation structure example for your help.

What is a dissertation structure?

The structure of a dissertation can be defined as an arrangement of research contents in a document. There are many chapters or parts in a dissertation, each has its significance. An appropriate structure of a research paper or a dissertation is essential to help a reader navigate the ideas in a flow. Besides, the structure of a dissertation also varies with the discipline and type of research. Thus, it is important to verify with the department of studies to determine the structure of your dissertation.

Dissertation Structure Plan for UK Universities

It is an overwhelming task to complete a dissertation accurately each time. Students have many questions when it comes to the write-up of a dissertation. The first one is regarding the topic of the research and whether it is an interesting topic. The second question is regarding the information available for the dissertation topic and what to include in each chapter. Another question is the methodology of the dissertation to be used. Though, the topic of dissertation is decided when writing a dissertation proposal, but there is a tiny chance that your professor will ask for changes. Let’s have a look at the generic dissertation structure and what it contains.


This section incorporates the results or an overview of the dissertation and is very precise. The length of an abstract is usually around 150 words. Though it is the first section that a reader glances at, but it is written at the end because it encapsulates the entire research work.

Chapter 1: Introduction

As the introduction of the document, this section addresses the “why” of the dissertation. To put it simply, you need to introduce the dissertation by addressing the following questions.

  • Why study the topic?
  • What is the motivation to select the topic?
  • How will you study the topic?
  • What will you study?
  • How will the study contribute to the literature?
  • What is the goal of the research and how you will achieve it?

You can address those questions under headings or in a paragraph. However, make sure to dedicate a different paragraph to answer a question. These questions must address that the research has not been conducted before or it requires more study. You also need to express particular variables you are studying and in which context. Your research questions or research goals will highlight precisely what you will explore.

Chapter 2: Literature Review

The second chapter in a dissertation structure UK is the literature review. In this chapter, you need to highlight the previously conducted research in the context you are exploring. It will determine the research gap that you will attempt to fulfil. In other words, you will struggle to reveal the answers related to your research from the literature or previous research. One of the common dissertation writing mistakes is lack of research. Therefore, make sure to collect data for each of the research questions or hypothesis so you can address them accurately.

To achieve this objective, you need to collect secondary data from a variety of verified resources. Also, present both sides of a coin – positive and negative results achieved by authors or researchers. Many students fail to collect data effectively or fall short of mentioning the dissertation references. Therefore, make sure to mention sources of the dissertation in-text and in the list of references.

Clarity is the key when it comes to the literature review section. You need to structure the paragraphs of literature review writing under headings for each research question or variable.

Chapter 3: Methodology

The third chapter in the dissertation structure UK is methods or methodology. This chapter outlines the techniques and methods you will use to collect data for your research. One thing to keep in mind, you do not need to mention theory, instead focus on why you chose a particular method. Also, you can reference to verify that the same method was used in research by an author in a similar context. After justifying your dissertation methodology, you will need to highlight the pitfalls of your methods and how you will address them. It is important to mention because it enhances the credibility of your research.

Chapter 4: Results

The next chapter is the results section for primary research, and it is often used in a quantitative study. This section refines the mathematical data in form of graphs, charts, or tables to answer research questions or hypotheses. The secondary research often uses a discussion chapter to discuss information because results are not collected through primary or first-hand research. These results are utilised in the discussion section to conclude the research aims.

Chapter 5: Discussion

This is the section of the research where you can argue your results and how they relate with the results of authors in the literature review section. Here, you will not only interpret your results but also compare them to determine whether they are consistent with previous studies. As per the dissertation structure UK, you will show the findings that you collected with the selected methodology. The experts at Royal Dissertation Help suggest to structure the dissertation starting from the first research question or hypothesis.

Chapter 6: Conclusion

One of the most important chapters in dissertation writing is the conclusion chapter. Refrain from writing a summary in this chapter. This chapter requires you to conclude how you achieved research objectives and what are the limitations of your study. You also need to highlight the future recommendations for scholars or researchers who will study the same topic in the future. Without discussing any new findings, you need to conclude results precisely. Finally, you need to mention the personal learning from the study and emphasize how to utilise the results of the study.

Note: Though the structure of the dissertation varies among the universities but above is the generic dissertation structure UK template. You can have a look at the below dissertation structure sample that is in a concise form.

Template of dissertation structure UK format sample
Dissertation Structure Sample

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